The Epic of Gilgamesh

The epic of Gilgamesh is a poem from ancient Mesopotamia, regarded as the earliest surviving notable literature.  The oldest stories are the five poems of Sumerian origin that begin with a literal history of the king of Uruk, known as Gilgamesh dating back to the third dynasty of Ur, 2100 B.C. 

Versions of the Epic of Gilgamesh

From the various fragments and diverse sources of the story discovered, there have been two main versions that have been partially reconstructed, and an older Sumerian version, they are known as the: