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Biblical manuscripts, copies and translations are authentic documents of any handwritten copy or portion of text of an original biblical author or book. These manuscripts are important as they authentic the original text of the biblical books and help us to understand their early interpretation and inspiration.
Every original text was copied many times over by different scribes verifying the original source as the copies are found to independently authenticate what the original text said.
Fragments of the original texts or manuscripts are found in various conditions that help add to the authenticity of the copies of the various version of the text we have today.
The staggering and awesome point concerning Gods word is that the bible is known to be over 99% consistent among all translations and copies throughout the entire world, thus verifying its power of preservation through all of time.
Old Testament - Manuscripts, Copies and Fragments of the Bible
The Aleppo Codex
The Leningrad Codex
The Dead Sea Scrolls
Ketef Hinnom Scrolls
New Testament - Manuscripts, Copies and Fragments of the Bible
The New Testament has been preserved in more manuscripts than any other ancient work of literature. It has over 5800 known complete and fragmented Greek manuscripts, 10k Latin and over 9000 in other languages including Syriac, Coptic, Gothic, Ethiopian, Slavic etc. dates ranging from 100 a.d to 1500 a.d.
Most of the oldest Greek manuscripts and first generation copies of the New Testament are fragmented pieces that remain of the original. Most of these fragments from the first few centuries a.d. where written on papyrus, the typical writing material of that time and region. Papyrus is writing paper or parchment paper made from the reeds that grow along the Nile river. Most of the books of the new testament where originally letter written to various churches in the first century. The known composition of these letters being bound into books is found to date to the 4th and 5th century.
Various manuscripts date between 32 B.C and 640 A.D
Rylands Papyri is a collection of thousands of Papyri Fragments and documents